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Communism: A political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.

The fall of China to communism was due to the fall of the Qing Dynasty. the nation was in chaos and without a leader. This led to the Chinese Civil War and the invasion of Japan. China was falling apart and the idea of communism was slowly spreading. As the civil war was raging, it broke out to be between the communists and the nationalists. Mao Zedong led the communists and the nationalists finally fled to Taiwan. Communism prevailed under the rule of Mao Zedong. Mao took hold of China by the majority; the farmers. They were convinced that he would make positive changes.